Are the Most Valued Companies in the World this Valuable?
- In March, we published a chart showing the market capitalization of firms over 10x price to sales hit $10 trillion
- The navy blue line updates that chart: today there are nearly $14 trillion worth of stocks valued over 10x sales, a number far exceeding the dot com bubble
- The light blue line shows the total market cap of the 20% of firms in the cheapest quintile of price to sales sum to only $3.8 trillion in market cap
Today, like the peak of the dotcom bubble, the market is so euphoric that stocks priced for the impossible (navy blue line) are now worth 3x more than the cheapest stocks in the market.
Below we provide a simple and staccato burst showing how the market’s greed for speculative tech stocks is creating fantastic opportunities for long-term investors. We believe today is one of the most exciting times since before the bubble burst in tech companies on March 10 of 2000.
Click below to read why we think avoiding some of the largest companies and shopping among smaller, proven and profitable companies today feels a bit like “shooting fish in a barrel.”
We published Scott McNealy’s quote in our original 10x P/S piece warning of the epic folly embedded in such a multiple. In that quote, McNealy absolutely SHELLS investors and analysts for the obvious error embedded in their avarice. Today we believe low-interest rates, aggressive venture capitalists and retail speculation have conspired to send tech companies to untenable highs just as these same forces did 20 years ago.
We recently published a chart showing the market cap of stocks trading over 20x Price to Sales. We could have titled that “stocks trading at 2x the absurd, unlikely and impossible.” We update the chart below. Like the 10x price to sales chart above, we have seen the market cap of stocks over 20x sales gap higher as well.
Let’s be blunt: history tells us that what you pay matters and a company with a market cap greater than 10x sales, much less 20x sales, well that is too much. You are likely to get shot to pieces in such investments over time.
In the speculative chart of our 20x P/S piece, we showed that investing $1 in companies at 20x sales over the last 30+ years left you with about $2 today vs over $30 in the broad index!
The fundamental table below shows the type of securities various types of investors own.
- The first row, 20x sales, shows what investors who are speculating aggressively might own
- The second row, 10x sales, shows what investors who are merely speculating might own
- The third row, “Cheapest Quint,” shows what the much disdained and increasingly rare species of value investors might own
Look from left to right at the three groups.
The stocks at 20x and 10x sales (top two rows) look atrocious in our view. Here is what we see:
- They generate virtually no profits.
- Trade at outlandish multiples of sales and comically high to negative P/E ratios
- Have negative margins
- Have negative yields – you pay to own them because they need to issue equity to pay their bills
- Their one redeeming feature is fast sales growth.
This market has ascribed massive valuations to stocks with fast top-line growth subsidized by munificent debt markets and complacent equity holders. We believe this ends badly. We encourage readers to consider the stocks that make up the third row (Cheapest Quint). It is here that valuable companies trading at reasonable valuations can be found, in our view.
Look at that bottom row. Without doing any work, if you just bought the 20% of firms that are the cheapest in the universe, that’s what you would own. Cheap stocks that:
- generate FREE CASH FLOW of 5%
- trade at 1x sales and a P/E ratio of 22x
- have nearly 10% operating margins
- pay owners a yield of 3% – nearly 100% more than a 10 year Treasury Bond
Even more impressive in our mind – they have more sustainable business models, having grown revenues by 24% over the last three years. One could almost suggest the cheapest stocks in the market now offer….growth at a reasonable price.
20x P/S Firms are More Prevalent Today than in the Dot.Com Bubble
As noted above – we have reproduced the market cap of stocks over 20x price to sales. The market cap is now just shy of $5 trillion. Below this chart we have produced a list of the top-ranked Small & Mid Cap and Large Cap Companies in the cheapest decile of Price to Sales.
Post-publication we had a number of requests to scale the above charts by GDP. The charts below were added on September 13, 2021.